Examine the Hadith as they are narrated and understood
The Holy Quran and the ahaadees are the two important and basic source of the blessed Islamic shareeyat (Muslim religious law). Almighty Allah is the protector of Holy Quran. The Muslim scholars have also made much effort to secure the ahaadees and to transmit the authentic ahadees to Muslim Ummah. They have conveyed this sacred trust after thoroughly examining the correct, week, reliable and unreliable narrations. “Darayat” (درایت) is a basic principle to differentiate the reliable and the false narrations. It means to check or investigate whether any Hadees is against any Islamic principle or teaching and whether it contains any thing which is against the teachings of Islam. And whether the narration (روایت) can be related to the Holy Prophet in view of his teachings or not. If there is any such defect in the narration then it will be simply rejected and termed as unreliable although it has been narrated by reliable persons. As such on some occasions the ahaadees are rejected keeping in view their meanings without considering the narrators. Such checking of the narrations is also proved and confirmed from the Holy Quran and its origin has been found in the time of the Prophet. This method had also been in practice by the Sahaba. The learned Muslim scholars of the later times also followed this method. They also made rules and regulations to examine any narration and to term it un-reliable irrespective of its reporters) حدیث ِ . (راویان This article gives a basic description of the above mentioned subject.