The Islamic Culture "As-Saqafat-ul Islamia" الثقافة الإسلامية - Research Journal - Sheikh Zayed Islamic Centre, University of Karachi 2021-03-24T09:24:57+00:00 Sheikh Adnan Ahmed Usmani Open Journal Systems <p>The Islamic Culture is&nbsp;an&nbsp; International peer reviewed, Open Access bi-annual (June&nbsp;and&nbsp;December) journal that&nbsp;focuses articles which contribute new results in all&nbsp;domain of Islamic Studies.&nbsp;More specifically, The Islamic Culture takes&nbsp;regular submissions from academic professionals and&nbsp;researcher&nbsp;belongs to Jurisprudence, Islamic History, Hadith and Rules of Hadith, Comparative Jurisprudence, Comparative Study of Religion, Seerat e Nabvi, Uloom e Quran, Anti Extremism, Social Sciences and&nbsp;related disciplines. Currently, The Islamic Culture is recognized as HEC “Y” Category Journal.</p> <p>The journal also aims to publish new attempts in the form of special issues on Seerah, Halal Food. The journal welcomes publications of high quality papers on theoretical developments and practical applications in all fields of Islamic Studies. Original research papers, state-of-the-art reviews, high quality technical notes, and brief communication/letters are invited for publication.</p> <p><strong>Article Processing Charge: </strong>Article evaluation charges are 2500/- attached to the publication&nbsp; and Article Publishing Charges 2500/- after acceptance of Article in The Islamic Culture.</p> <p><strong>Peer Review Policy:&nbsp;</strong>All research articles published in The Islamic Culture go through an initial editor screening followed by a rigorous double-blind peer review by two-three anonymous referees.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> The Political and Economic Impact of Islamic Studies on Human Society 2021-03-18T08:27:41+00:00 Misbah Fatima Muhammad Idress Lodhi <p>This essay presents the research analysis of political, social and economic impacts of Islamic teachings on human society. In the arena of Political life, Islam established the supremacy of Allah Almighty. Thus, political violence was abolished from society. It gave the concept of legal ownership instead of apparent ownership. Hence, people got rid of the economic exploitation. It introduced the revolutionary concepts of respect of humanity, freedom of humanity and quality among men and ,thus, uprooted all sort of violence and injustice from the society. It established Muslim Ummah at international level in order to function in accordance with the rules of justice, counselling and merit in the ages to come and ensured basic human rights to uphold justice till the doomsday. It drew distinction between Halal (Allowed) and Harram (Forbidden), it ensured the security to labour and just distribution of wealth. It abolished hunger, poverty, disease and injustice. This system was in practice in its true spirit in the era of Prophet (ﷺ)and the Righteous Caliphate. Till today, it is duty of all of us to implement it and it is implementable. Thus, all constructive, natural and virtuous Islamic Impacts like justice, kindness, health, prosperity and progress have been discussed in this essay in accordance with the principles of research.</p> 2021-03-18T08:27:41+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Historical analysis the services of the Koprulu family to the Ottoman Empire 2021-01-18T23:47:57+00:00 Faizan Ahmed Farzana Jabeen <p>The koprulu era (1656- 1703) was a period in which the Ottoman Empire’s politics were frequently dominated by a series of grand viziers from the koprulu family. The koprulu era is sometimes more narrowly defined as the period from 1653- 1683, as it was during those years that members of the family held the office of grand vizier uninterruptedly, while for the remainder of the period they occupied it only sporadically. The koprulu household, the most powerful vizierial household in the seventieth century, this article sheds light on the efficiency of the koprulu households. Thanks to their long-lasting incumbency. The koprulu grand viziers managed to establish a large network stretching from the provinces to the central bureaucracy. The koprulu were generally skilled administrators, and are credited with reviving the empire’s fortunes after a period of military defeat and economic instability. Numerous reforms were instituted under their rule, which enabled the empire to resolve its budget crises and stamp out factional conflict in the empire.</p> 2020-12-31T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Research and Comparative Analysis of Criticisms The Spirit of Muslim Culture 2021-01-18T23:54:33+00:00 Abid Hussain Khalid Nadeem <p>Iqbal’s unique thought process takes a new leap in his lectures which are compiled in “The Reconstruction of Religious Thought in Islam”. Among these “The Spirit of Muslim Culture” has gained immense significance of eminent researchers and scholars. In this lecture basic concepts of Islamic Culture and their importance have been highlighted on which the supreme edifice of Muslim Umma has been raised. In any society, the value, movement and evolution of culture matter immensely. Contrary to Greek thought, we may find experimental and practical aspects of Islamic Culture. Over the years, this specific lecture has met numerous criticisms and explanations which unfold the distinctive aspects of the Islamic culture. This article dooms to bring forth critical and analytical study of “The Spirit of Muslim Culture”.</p> 2020-12-31T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## War- strategy of Pakistan’s Defence In the light of Holy Prophet’s (S.A.W) teachings 2021-01-18T23:51:27+00:00 Adnan Malik Muhammad Dilshad Uzma Parveen <p>Islam is the only religion that illuminates the length and breadth of this world with the light of this religion and by freeing man from man’s slavery, man should be made accountable only to God Almighty. At the time of advent of Islam, the world was under the perpetual siege of atrocities and inhuman conduct. The then two superpowers namely Caesar and Cesar were maintain the culture of might is right and had not left any room open for ending the status quo because it suited their aims and objectives. The condition of Arab peninsula was no different from the other parts of the world. It was also stuck in a quagmire of oblivion and darkness. This was when a personality emerged on the firmament of the world and changed the whole system .He freed man from man’s slavery and made man prostrate only before Allaha Almighty. When he took up cudgels against the prevailing world order, the whole world turned against him. He even had to leave his home and hearth in the quest. Hazrat Muhammad (S.A.W) mustered his poverty- stricken army and trained them with his military strategies. Following which they said army put an end to the shenanigans of certain Arab mischievous in Arab peninsula in a way that a lasting peace spread not only in that peninsula but also straddled from Hadramauwt to Makkah and from the borders of Persia to Rome .To point to consider here is that what were those military strategies that helped him do away with the pharaohs of those times۔&nbsp;Hence, it is also need of the time to understand that Hazrat Muhammad (S.A.W.) was not only the Rehmat –ulil –Alameen and an epitome of wisdom and intellect but as also sent as a harbinger of peace by Almighty Allaha. Although he bore the atrocities of Makkans on the streets of Makkaha for thirteen years; was not allowed to pray within Baitulah; was pelted in Taif, yet he did not even respond those atrocities eith curses let alone with bows or arrows . Having said that, the focus of this article is solely upon the military strategies of Hazrat Muhammad S,A.W. in different battles rather than the peaceful propagation of religion.</p> 2020-12-31T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Diminishing Musharaka Product of Islamic Banks: A Sharia’a Compliant Substitute of Term Finance 2020-12-31T08:14:03+00:00 Muneer Ahmad <p>Partnership based business is the fundamental concept of doing commercial activity under Islamic rules and principles. To comply with Sharia’a principles within the boundaries of banking law in Pakistan, Financial Engineering provided the solution for all activities. One of the modes of financing in conventional banking system is Term Finance in which the client repays principle and profit at predefined time intervals. This need can be fulfilled by using Islamic Alternate i.e. “Diminishing Musharaka”. This paper investigates the viability of this financing mode as compare to conventional Term Finance which is being utilized by conventional banking system for the same purpose. The paper also highlights the growth of Diminishing Musharaka in quantitative terms as well as its acceptability by end users and Islamic Financial Institutions in the form of portfolio growth for this mode of financing. To quantify its growth, historical time series data with its quarterly trend is used from Islamic Banking Bulletin issued by State Bank of Pakistan. Some key advantages and disadvantages are also mentioned by analyzing them critically. Related Sharia’a rulings and their linkage to this mode of financing are discussed in this study to further support it in Islamic perspective. Benefits associated with this mode and practical applications are discussed with some recommendations. The study is beneficial for Islamic Financial sector, central banks and students of Islamic Banking &amp; Finance. It also aimed to enhance the knowledge of students and users of this product.</p> 2020-12-31T08:14:03+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Hamish Jiddiyyah and Arboun - Shariah, Regulatory, Accounting & Risk Management Perspective 2021-01-04T09:51:22+00:00 Nasir Mansoor <p>Hamish Jiddiyyah and Arboun have evoked a number of issues that are of interest not only to the industry practitioners but also other stakeholders like regulators and academia. Most of these issues need to be subjected to Shariah scrutiny for effective application. This paper is an attempt to identify contemporary Shariah rulings, regulatory perspective and risk management relating to Hamish Jiddiyyah and Arboun. It, inter alia, includes definition, permissibility or otherwise and practical modalities related to these two types of deposits or advance payments that the Islamic banks can demand from customers. This paper also highlights accounting treatment recommended by AAOIFI and brief commentary on current practice followed by IBIs in Pakistan. Further, Market and Credit Risk modalities emanating from Arboun and Hamish Jiddiyyah have also been discussed as applicable to contemporary Banking Murabaha, Operating Ijarah and Ijarah Mutahia Bittamleek. Last but not the least, this paper also identifies changes notified by State Bank of Pakistan while adopting Shariah Standard in 2010 viz., Murabaha to the Purchase Orderer with respect to Arboun.</p> 2021-01-04T09:51:22+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Influence of Religious Factor on the Attitudes towards the Advertisements of Family Planning 2021-01-04T09:51:28+00:00 Muhammad Shahzad Abdul Rehman Madni Ali Hassan <p>Television advertisements play an important to reduce the gap between population growth and contraceptives. It is evident that people who watch advertisements about family planning adopt contraceptives as compare to those people who do not watch family planning advertisements. But almost 75% of viewers from Pakistan have shown negative attitudes towards the advertisements for the use of contraceptives. Contraceptives are adopted all over the globe where these family planning campaigns are watched and help to minimize and lower the knowledge gap about the use of different contraceptives. The major purpose of this research work was to see the impact of religious factors on attitudes and behavior towards the use of contraceptives. The cross-sectional study research was implied for this purpose and data was collected from 525 persons of different cities in Pakistan. Snowball sampling technique was used for this study through a personal administrated method, knowing the findings and testing the hypothesis in this study researcher used (PLS-SEM) partial least square structure equation modeling for this purpose. This research study shows that religious beliefs have a greater influence on the attitudes &amp; behavior toward advertisements, while the</p> 2021-01-04T09:51:28+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Challenges in providing the Islamic Education at Elementary Level: Teachers Perspectives 2021-01-05T17:51:00+00:00 Aliya Ayub Sadia Suleman Khan Maroof Bin Rauf <p>Islam always emphasized on providing the education to the Muslims. The first Ayat of Islam was also focused on learning. Islamic education focused on overall building of&nbsp; human beings. As overall development of human beings is a challenging task the teachers&nbsp; face many problems in providing the quality education. This study highlighted the&nbsp; challenges in teaching of Islamiat, analyzing these challenges and suggested a plan for&nbsp; good quality of Islamic education. Quantitative approach was used to achieve the&nbsp; research objectives. 70 male and 70 female teachers, involved in teaching of Islamiat at&nbsp; public sector elementary schools were the sample of this research study. 5 point likert&nbsp; scale survey was developed to achieve the objectives, challenges, reasons behind these&nbsp; challenges and a plan for improving quality education.</p> 2020-12-31T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Uploading Content to YouTube & Shariah Status of its Earnings 2021-03-24T09:23:21+00:00 Sheikh Adnan Ahmed Usmani <p>Acquisition of provision is one of the fundamental requirements of human beings. Since every living thing desperately needs something to suppress appetite in the lifecycle, and sustenance is not just the name of food and drink, but also having a house to live in and clothes to cover the body. Everyone wants to eat well and live in a good home. Islam allows man to fulfil his desires but a Muslim as a Muslim has limits, he cannot cross the limits. Every Muslim is allowed to fulfill his desires with in these limits. The biggest source of fulfillment of desires is money, which is why people forget what is lawful? And what is unlawful? When they come to make this era there are so many ways to make money, one of these is earning money by YouTube channels. In this article I am going to discuss the Shariah status of making money by You Tube channels. And I will discuss the Islamic rules and regulation of making money by You Tube and since making money by You Tube is under the Google AdSense so I will discuss in this article the Shariah status of Google AdSense and its policy as well and in the end of this article I will discuss some fatwas of famous Islamic Universities.</p> 2020-12-31T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## State ‘Control’ of Religion as an Antidote for Radicalisation in Nigeria: An Analytical Proposal 2021-03-24T09:24:57+00:00 Mujahid Hamza Shitu <p>: Interpretations of religion to suit violent tendencies and religious intolerance have remained a major bane on the Nigerian nation. Therefore, scholars adjudged Nigeria as the country that witnessed the highest number of religious related violence in the world, due to the frequent occurrences of clashes that are rooted in religious convictions. Nigeria has experienced two major sectarian crises that have devastating effects on its wellbeing, including the loss of thousands of lives, displacement of millions of people and have consumed billions of government revenues. These crises are the Maitatsine crisis of the 1980s and the ongoing Boko Haram insurgency in the Northeast. The crises are rooted in erroneous discernment of religious ordinances and doctrines. This paper examines the secularist’s theory of government non-interference in religion, and the Islamic theory of religion as the primary objective of the State, by identifying the negative socio- economic consequences of government’s non-interest and non-interference in the activities of religious groups, and how these affect peace and development of Nigeria. Thus, the paper proposes government participation and monitoring of the teachings of religious groups, to prevent cropping up of radical tendencies. The methodologies of the paper include hermeneutics and historical approaches, the analysis is descriptive and analytical.</p> 2020-12-31T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement##