The Islamic Culture "As-Saqafat-ul Islamia" الثقافة الإسلامية - Research Journal - Sheikh Zayed Islamic Centre, University of Karachi <p>The Islamic Culture is&nbsp;an&nbsp; International peer reviewed, Open Access bi-annual (June&nbsp;and&nbsp;December) journal that&nbsp;focuses articles which contribute new results in all&nbsp;domain of Islamic Studies.&nbsp;More specifically, The Islamic Culture takes&nbsp;regular submissions from academic professionals and&nbsp;researcher&nbsp;belongs to Jurisprudence, Islamic History, Hadith and Rules of Hadith, Comparative Jurisprudence, Comparative Study of Religion, Seerat e Nabvi, Uloom e Quran, Anti Extremism, Social Sciences and&nbsp;related disciplines. Currently, The Islamic Culture is recognized as HEC “Z” Category Journal.</p> <p>The journal also aims to publish new attempts in the form of special issues on Seerah, Halal Food. The journal welcomes publications of high quality papers on theoretical developments and practical applications in all fields of Islamic Studies. Original research papers, state-of-the-art reviews, high quality technical notes, and brief communication/letters are invited for publication.</p> <p><strong>Article Processing Charge: </strong>Article evaluation charges are 2500/- attached to the publication&nbsp; and Article Publishing Charges 2500/- after acceptance of Article in The Islamic Culture.</p> <p><strong>Peer Review Policy:&nbsp;</strong>All research articles published in The Islamic Culture go through an initial editor screening followed by a rigorous double-blind peer review by two-three anonymous referees.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Sheikh Zayed Islamic Centre, University of Karachi en-US The Islamic Culture "As-Saqafat-ul Islamia" الثقافة الإسلامية - Research Journal - Sheikh Zayed Islamic Centre, University of Karachi 1813-775X Discourse of Islamic TV Channels in Pakistan <p>The advancement of modern media of communication has not only changed the national boundaries of receiving the content but also the internet, especially social media has broadened upthe way of thinking of people in Pakistan. The global cultural transmission has created the trans-national media that exchange ideas of other countries and implement in their lives. Now, it will be unfair to limit or restrict the international information flow, which is the major source of cultural transmission. The Islamic Republic of Pakistan was founded based on religion so; it is the duty of every Muslim to represent Islamic culture on the television media. Television channels will be the medium of discussion in this research. In this research, the impression of Islamicto channels will be evaluated on the people of Pakistan. The qualitative research approach will be used to deduce the information by semi-structured interview questions with 10 respondents from Karachi, Pakistan who are the active users of Islamic channels and television.</p> Dr. Fouzia Naz Dr. Sadia Mahmood ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-05-17 2019-05-17 41 The Quranic Research Methodology <p>Seeking knowledge and quest for the truth are the key characteristics of human nature and are essential to a civilized society.Allah Almighty has, of His entire creatures, put in man the most potential to acquire knowledge and grant them well-defined and permanent means of knowledge.The reason for the human excellence is knowledge and man has been appointed as Allah’s own Caliph on the earth on the very basis. Allah the Exalted, too, through Holy Quran informed the man of code of conduct and principle of research.Even though, today a distinct art in the name of “Research Methodology” with extensive terminologies has emerged in the scientific world, yet its basic principles are similar to those the Holy Quran has, in a beautiful manner, made reference to. In this article, we will give a brief analysis of the ten fundamental principles of research in the light of aforesaid indications in reference to Quranic teachings.</p> Muhammad Ismail Aarifi ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-05-17 2019-05-17 41 Islam and Freedom of Expressions <p>Freedom of expression has been placed with great importance in <em>Seeratunabi.</em> This paper describes scope and parameters of freedom of expression in light of <em>Seeratunabi.</em> It has been discussed as blessing of Allah in the Holy Book. Prophet Muhammad SAW used to consult His companions on those issues if <em>wahi </em>was not communicated from Allah. In result of consultation and discussions, The Prophet used to change His opinion and decisions accordingly. This research paper throws light on the several incidents, events, and episodes of <em>Makki and Madni</em> life of Prophet Muhammad SAW. Such freedom of expression had been practiced according to the principles of justice and equity. Restrictions and gagging of freedom of expression has been declared curse in Holy Quran.</p> Muhammad Idrees Lodhi Qudsia Khakwani ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-05-17 2019-05-17 41 The The Authenticated Role of Hadith Sciences in Islamic Research Traditions <p>Solid and authentic knowledge has been the need of every age, and Islam has provided foundations of such knowledge for every epoch. The authenticity of Islamic sciences in largely based on Hadith sciences. The accuracy of news and the truthfulness of the reporter is considered compulsory by this branch of knowledge. In order to analyse the honesty and truthfulness of a reporter ‘ilm al-Jarah wa al-Ta‘adil was innovated and the classification of a report into ‘Sahih’, ‘Hassan’ and ‘Da‘if’ was introduced to check the accuracy of a news. Through this paper, the authenticated role of Hadith sciences proved in the light of the Qur’ān, Hadith and the opinions of scholars. Particularly, the significance and value of ‘ilm al-Jarah wa al-Ta‘adil’ has been hgihglighted.</p> Mohammad Sarwar Siddique Mohmmad Naeem Anwar ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-05-17 2019-05-17 41 Contribution of Dr. Israr Ahmed in the interpretation of Quran (As a Mudarris and Mufassir ) <p>Dr. Israr Ahmed (late) was Pakistani Islamic Scholar and Philosopher. He Launch vigorous movement for the revival of Islam. He was founder of Markazi Anjuman Khuddam-ul-Quran Lahore, Tanzeem-e-Islami Pakistan and Tahreek-e-Khalifat Pakistan. He also started a social movement of marital simplicity. He wrote above than 70 books on different aspects of Islam and religion, and some of them were translated into English and other languages. Dr. Israr Ahmed presented Quranic Teaching in Scientific and enlightened (different) way. He was awarded Sitara-e-Imtiaz in 1981. He criticized modern democracy and prevalent electoral system and argued that the head of an Islamic state could reject the majority decisions. He wanted implementation of Islamic system in Social, Cultural, Juristic, Political and economic field.</p> Muhammad Ramzan Arien ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-05-17 2019-05-17 41 A historical analysis of letters of Imam Rabbani <p>Hazrat Muajid Alaf Sani was a revolutionary personality of the eleventh century, whose movement left indelible mark on the following centuries by successfully altering the course of history. The time when he started propagating the true message of Islam, the propagation of 'Deen-e-ilahi' was in full swing. The diabolical aim behind the propagation of this pseudo-religion was to amalgamate all the dominant religions of the time particularly Islam and Hinduism in such a way that both of them lose their individuality and distinctness. As a result, all the nations may gather under the banner of the so called religion. To this end, many a principle of Islam were abrogated and the customs, values, and principles of the Muslims living in the subcontinent were changed altogether. However, it was Mujadid Alaf Sain who girded up his loin and dealt with all these challenges through a comprehensive strategy and came out with flying colors in the face of all the stumbling blocks in his way. He wrote a many letters to make the society according to the teaching of Islam. These letters played a vital role in this regard. This paper deals critical and historical analysis of Mujadid Alf Thani, letters.&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;&nbsp;</p> Dr Adnan Malik ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-05-17 2019-05-17 41 Cyber Crimes, Their Impacts On The Users Of The Face Book And Prevention From Them In The Light Of Quran And Hadith <p>The internet is a source of mass communication all over the world. Cyber-crime is the most complicated and latest problem in the cyber world. The purpose of this paper is to determine the percentage of how many people exactly know what cyber-crime is, how many people get involved in cyber-crime without knowing that it is a crime, how many users have been victim on Face book because of account hacking. Moreso it aims&nbsp; to evaluate the impact on the users. In this paper after a brief introduction of information technology, cyber crimes, methods, categories of cyber criminals and prevention through government laws and policies, personal efforts in the perspective of Quran and Hadith and impact of cyber crimes on the users of the Face book. Quantitative methodology is adopted to determine the purpose of the paper for primary data. Qualitative methodology is adopted for the prevention for secondary data. 100 Face book users were selected randomly for Questionnaire and an online survey was done to collect data. Pie charts and percentages are used to display the results. The findings disclose that majority of respondents don’t know the correct definition of cyber crime and they are not even aware about the laws and punishments for cyber criminals set by the government. Results also indicates that majority of respondents care about the religious values and they don’t misuse others’ private information. Government laws and punishments are discussed and offered some suggestions by the authors.&nbsp;&nbsp;</p> Sheikh Adnan Ahmed Usmani Dr. Muhammad Shehzad ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-05-17 2019-05-17 41 Women in Different ‘Societal’ Roles and Responsibilities: An Investigation through Islamic Connotations and Teachings <p><em>The study in hand highlights different societal roles women assume in a Muslim Society compromising on their social, civic or other rights as human being.</em><em> Women, being a considerable proportion of a society, assume a number of roles and responsibilities. Likewise; Muslim societies provide women different opportunities to work in different permitted capacities. Basically these roles and responsibilities are categorized into mothers, daughters, sisters and wives. These roles have been categorically discussed in the light of Islamic injunctions and teachings. This study covers these four basic aspects of a Muslim woman. Women rights and obligations have been the core theme of this study which provides a comprehensive survey in direct and simplified manner. The Research methodology is qualitative one with an embedded literature view. An effort has been made to use modern authentic sources on the theme. The approach is both empirical and impartial. Islamic view has equally been defended while respecting the other views. However; an effort has been made to quantify the facts described qualitatively.&nbsp; </em></p> <p><strong>Keywords:&nbsp; </strong>Islam; Culture; Misconceptions; Social Roles; Social Stigma; Oppressive Dictatorship.</p> Muhammad Atif Aslam Rao ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-05-19 2019-05-19 41 State's Right of Takfīr_(Excommunicating or Declaring a Muslim an Apostate): In the Perspective of Islamic Republic of Pakistan <p>This articles aims to focus two different views about edicts on takfeer in Islamic Republic of Pakistan. Some of the modernist thinkers hold the opinion that no one is allowed to issue ruling on takfir after the demise of prophet of Muhammad ﷺ, but on the other hand another group of people think the state have all authority to pass the judgement of kufr upon someone.&nbsp; This research presents critical analysis of both opinion keeping in view the religious freedom as a substantive right given by UDHR. Takfir is a very sensitive and serious issue in Islamic Law which can not be comprehended except with the help of scholars who have deep and intimate knowlegde of Islamic jurisprudence. Therefore the role of Ulema can not be underestimated in this regard. This article will help the law makers to understand in the light of Quran o Sunnah to know the balanced approach between Takifr-e- Muslim and Takfir-e-Kafir.&nbsp;&nbsp; &nbsp;</p> Umair Mahmood Siddiqui ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-05-21 2019-05-21 41 Bibliographical sources on Islam in Urdu Language in Pakistan: <p>With the striking boost in publishing it is very difficult for someone&nbsp; to know about all the literature published in all fields or even his own field. A bibliography is a most useful tool to identify the recorded information. It is a systematic list of recorded human knowledge. This article is an attempt to explore the “Bibliographical sources” in the field of Islam published in Pakistan in Urdu language. It covers 63 years of publishing history in Pakistan. Every possible effort has been made to find out all the bibliographies related to the different topics/ fields of Islam published in Pakistan in the national language from 1947 to 2010.It is observed that only 31 ( thirty one ) bibliographies are published to identify the literature on Islam which is the most favorite subject of Pakistani nation. &nbsp;</p> Dr. Rafat Parveen Siddiqui Dr. Farhat Hussain Dr. Fouzia Naz ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-05-17 2019-05-17 41 Sayed Qutb's contributions to Islamic Literature <p>Praise Him and pray to His Noble Messenger, but after: Islamic literature is the thought of the spirit and essence of Islam, the spirit and content of Islamic civilization, and the spirit of the heritage, history and culture of Islam. Sayyad Qutb, may God have mercy on him, was not only an interpreter, but a great writer and a leading thinker. He is the renewed Mujahid at the same time. He understands his scientific writings and his scientific strength, which Allah grants him. Some rulers and men of some Islamic currents accused him of extremism and violence. These are false blames, but the fact is that he was away from these accusations.</p> <p><strong>Research goals</strong></p> <ul> <li>To know the importance of literature in the Arabic language in general and especially for non-speakers.</li> <li>Evacuating Sayed Qutb's exploitations and highlighting the literary aspect of his scientific heritage.</li> <li>To Give respect and right to every person.</li> </ul> <p>This study includes an introduction, three studies and a conclusion</p> <p>The search plan is given below:</p> <p><strong>The first topic</strong>: The concept of Islamic literature</p> <p><strong>The second topic</strong>: The characteristics of Sayed Qutb</p> <p><strong>The third topic</strong>: The most important works of Sayed Qutb's Islamic Literary</p> Dr Muhammad Ismail Dr Abu Bakar Bhutta ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-05-17 2019-05-17 41 “Tafsir-e-Mahaimi” Research and Analytical Studies <p><em>Makhdoom Ali Mahaimi</em> (835 AH) was a great mufassir, jurist, sufi and philosopher. He had a great insight on Islamic theology. He was influenced by Muslim scholars <em>Sheikh Sadru-din- koni, Ibn-e-arabi</em> and <em>Imam Ghazali</em>. He belonged to Indian sub-continent and spent all his life there. He influenced his contemporary Muslim scholar by his extra ordinary command on Quran and knowledge relates to it. He elaborates the excellent points from Quran that did not stop surprising the scholars even of our age. He is famous for his exegesis named <em>TAFSIR MUHAIME</em>. Methodology adopted by him in <em>Tafseer</em> is that one should opt the apparent meaning of Quranic words. Mufassir should give priority to narration of Prophet Muhammad to explain verses of Quran. Beside this Mufassir must use linguistic tool and analytical approach to understand the spirit of Quran so may Quranic message be explored well. <em>Tafseer Mahaimi</em> has been considered <em>Tafseer bilray mahmood</em>. According to <em>Makhdoom Ali Muhaimi</em> Quranic message can be understood by its whole rhythm as it is all interlinked. So without going deep into linguistically and grammatically debate <em>Makhdoom Ali Mahaimi</em> focuses on message of Quran simply. Matters which need detail are explained briefly very well. Some other characteristics and distinctions of this exegesis will be discussed in this article.</p> Hafiz Muhammad Zubair Dr. Zia ur Rehman ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-05-17 2019-05-17 41 Unveiling the Ghazalian Doctrine of Soul:A Contextual Analysis <p><strong>Abstract</strong></p> <p>The current study is an attempt to comprehend and gain an insight into the nature of Ghazalian doctrine of soul. With his gigantic intellectual stature and an all-encompassing knowledge, Ghazali has exerted his influence on the Islamic thought for nearly nine centuries. Since soul is at the core of Ghazali’s philosophical outlook,&nbsp; so his study of soul comprises the study of its origin, its true nature, its return after body’s death, the purpose behind its creation, its union with body, its supremacy and causes of its pleasure and pain. Fundamentally, the present work focuses on the Ghazalian theory of soul and its philosophical considerations. This exhilarating odyssey inside human soul will open new panoramas of meaning and contribute to the growing area of research on Islamic thought.</p> Dr Shumaila Mazhar Dr Sabeen Akber ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-05-17 2019-05-17 41 Religion is Customer’s Motive: Empirical Evidence from Islamic Banking Industry of Pakistan <p><strong><em>Abstract:</em></strong></p> <p><em>The Islamic banking is one of the fastest growing industries in the world. Same is the case in Pakistan. Many studies conducted in the context of different countries concluded that it is only the faith related factors which drive customers to invest or use the services of Islamic banks to cater their financial and banking needs. The main objective of this study is to determine empirically eihter it is only faith factor which influences customer or there are other factors behind the customer’s decision to use the Isalmic banking sercive in Pakistan. The data was collected on faith related factors and economic factors (service quality, economic returns, perceived financial strength) through survey questionnaires distributed among the 500 </em><em>customers of five Islamic Banks, and 16 conventional banks operating in Pakistan. Out of which four hundred responses were found valid. Statistical tests were run to infer the results based on five hypotheses. </em><em>The result of this study concludes that, along with the faith factors, the economic factors like service quality and econimc returns are significantly important behind the customer’s intention to use the services of Islamic banking in Pakistan.&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </em></p> Dr Saima Akhtar Munir A. Abbasi ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-05-17 2019-05-17 41 Selected Urdu translations Of Dalail ul-Khiratt's Research and Critical Review <p><strong>Abstract</strong></p> <p>The Book “ Dala'il al-Khayrat.” Is compiled by Abu Abdullah Muhammad Bin Suleman Al-Jazuli. Muhammad Bin Suleman lived from Jazula. He wrote the Arabic book “Dala'il al-Khayrat” which is containing to (Durood), this book is very popular in Arab and Non Arab. In this connection, this book is read as a “wazifa”in different spiritual scholars and all the Islamic religious sects are translated “ Dala'il al-Khayrat ” into Arabic to Urdu.Various publishers are made for the citation. Some publishers published this book with translations, but they don’t mention the translator’s name.And some publishers published books are not mentioned their complete address and the publishing years.Some publishers published this book’s translations &nbsp;very carefully. In this article, the Researcher is trying to highlight on “Dala'il al-Khayrat’s” some Urdu transitions which are studied by the researcher,and those translators translations, publishers and some related information about this book precise on one place. Furthermore, the researcher also pointed out that the publisher who published non-moral and illegal translations without mentions translators’name.One advantage of &nbsp;this may be obvious of these anonymous translators</p> <p><em>Keywords</em><em>: </em><em>very popular, transitions, Arabic book, Non Arab, wazifa, information, publisher.</em></p> Shakir Hussain Khan ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-05-23 2019-05-23 41 Islamic Faith-Based Organizations And The State During The First Three Decades Of Pakistan: An Appraisal Of Theory And Practice <p>One central issue of the current civic-engagement debate is the role of religion in the growth and working of civil society. The fact that the modern concept of civil society emerged in the secular environment of enlightenment era in Europe has put question marks on the role of religious establishments and organizations as a part of civil society. However, history bears the evidence that religion has provided one main motive in the humanitarian, relief and social welfare initiatives around the world. In this context, this paper seeks to explore the role of Islamic faith-based organizations (FBOs) in the history of Pakistan from 1947 to 1977 with particular reference to their relations as a section of civil society with the state of Pakistan. The paper tends first to explore the theoretical underpinnings of the religion, state and civil society interaction and second to study this relationship in the history of Pakistan during the specified time period.</p> Muhammad Moiz Khan Hina Khan ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-05-17 2019-05-17 41 Socio-Economic Status and Cause of Depression among Senior Citizen: An Islamic Perspective <p class="ydp2990b795msonormal" style="text-align: justify; text-indent: .5in; background: white;"><span style="color: black;">The purpose of this research was in twofold: first to assess the socio-economic status and to examine the cause of depression among the senior citizens. Therefore, in the light of Islamic teaching, this article examined the causes of depression among senior citizens living in Karachi. A community level, descriptive study was carried out from January 2018 to April 2018 in the different urban populous areas. Hence, a sample of 160 older people was participated in this study after obtaining their informed consent. The data was collected through purposive sampling method from the household survey in six urban communities. The research data was collected through face to face interview schedule guide. However, the on-site observations were also taken by the researcher. The research revealed that due to the weak family system and urbanization, the quality of life and mental health of the elderly has been tremendously affected. In this regards, modernization, weak saving for the elder period of life, the rising cost of medical treatments and medicines, less mobilization due to weak or compromised health status and limited social interaction are reported by the respondent. It was also viewed that ignorance to religious guidelines was played a significant role in the look after of elderly. The results were also have proven that those respondents who actively followed the Islamic pattern in their lifestyle have very minimal chances to get invoked in depression.</span></p> <p class="ydp2990b795msonormal" style="text-align: justify; background: white;">&nbsp;</p> SAKINA RIAZ ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-06-24 2019-06-24 41 Human Resource Management and Healthcare Sector of Pakistan <p>In recent times, human resource management has gained more attention in the healthcare systems. The relationship between human resources and health care system is quite complex and demand a balance between the human and physical resources. Pakistan’s healthcare is going through a very critical phase. On one hand under the 18th amendment the health sector is fully devolved to the provinces from federal government and on the other hand there is an ever increasing pressure in achieving United Nation’s Millenium Develpoment Goals (DGs). And as per the “National Health Vision of Pakistan 2016 – 2025”. Human Resource in health is the most critical factor regarding health provision in terms of quality and amount, both in perspective of prevention and cure. Not only population ratio of doctors and dentists is critically low in Pakistan, as compared to all other countries but also the ratio of paramedics, nurses and other health workers. Apart from this wrong placement and non-utilization of competent staff and failing to retain them and providing them favorable environment are the elemental issues of human resource management and are truly existing deficiencies in our health care system and are directly concerned with.</p> Akmal Waheed Khan Khalid Mahmood Iraqi ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-05-17 2019-05-17 41 Paradigm shift of Leadership: Leaders in Information Technology <p>They say if the leader limps, all the others will start limping too. Therefore, a very dynamic leadership at all levels within the IT Community is critical to the success of an organization. This paper is an attempt to study the relationship between Information Technology (IT) with leadership and assesses its relevancy in today's fast-paced hi-tech globalized environment. The paper strives to look into the essential qualities and knowledge as needed by today's IT leader, in contrast to essential characteristics common to all the leaders- past, present, and future.</p> Mustafa Hyder Khalid Mahmood Iraqi ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-05-17 2019-05-17 41