Poet Qazi Nazrul Islam and Lalon Shah Contribution of Mysticism & Sufism in Bengali Literature
AbstractABSTRACT Nazrul had a liberal family background and was very closer to Arabic and Persian literatures, and religious ones. His family moved from Mesopotamian, Present Iraq, to the Sub-Continent and first settled in Patna, capital of Bihar province of India. However in search of livelihood, the family finally moved to then prosperous Calcutta, West Bengal. Nazrul was born in Churilia and was brought up amidst hardship. Along his parents Nazrul as child used to visit `Dargha' or `Mazars' of saints. The serenity and solemnity at Mazars had deep impacts on sensibility of young Nazrul.
Nazrul while in search of truth was spell-bound by the charch of mysticism. The essence of mysticism — Love and devotion appealed to Nazrul most to find the truth. In course of journey to truth he comes in contact with Lalon Shah teaching. The mazar of Lalon Shah (1774-1890) is in Kushtia district (the place is well known for origin Bengali Language) in Bangladesh may be equated with Delhi or Lucknow, which is famous for Urdu language evolution.
Lalon shah is a great sufi poet and is widely revered in muslim world.He through his inimitable songs preached 'Tariqat'; the spritual path to ALLAH