THE STUDY OF INDIAN PHILOSOPHY AND ITS INTEGRATION WITH INDONESIAN PHILOSOPHY FROM THE DISTRIBUTION OF THEIR IDEAS IN THE LIGHT OF QUR'ĀN AND SUNNAH, AND THE PREFACE OF AL-TAMĪZ; A COMPARATIVE STUDY
تعليم الفلسفة الهندية واندماجها بالفلسفة الاندونيشيا من توزّع أفكارهما في ضوء القرآن والسنة والتميز للفرهاروي؛ دراسة مقارنة
Keywords:ʿAbd Al-ʿAzīz Al-Firhārwī, Al-Tamīz, Hindi Philosophy, Indonesian Philosopy, Revolutionary History.
Philosophy is high ranked art which left imprint in its revolutionary stages from ancient to modern on the different regions of the world depending upon their mind and environment. After the last Prophetic age, Many Muslim interpreter Philosophers for the thinkings of Great Ancient Philosophers like [Pythagoras, Socrates, Aristotle, and Plato and like them Hindi philosophers such Apanshsad, Sidhārtā, Kaplā etc. (Who didn’t get fame as a philosophers)]; were born who are called the latter Philosophers (Al-Mut'akhirīn) like Ibn Sīnā, Al-Farābī, Al-Shaikh Al-Maqtūl, Ibn Rushd etc. These Philosophers started teaching people the different arts of Philosophy such as Theology, Logic, Mathematics, Ethics, and Politics in the interpretation of Ancient Philosophers. These arts had been adopted by different regional people basis on their zone such the Hindi Philosophy demonstrates the arts of Theology, Body Sciences, Mathematics, Medical etc and the Indonesian Philosophy deals with the social sciences like Ethics, Politics, Sociology. Moreover, these regional Philosophies impacted each other. In another dimension, Muslims scholars who believed in the quotations of Qur'ān and Sunnah without paraphrasing them; neglected these arts outright or partially. So, this study aims to illuminate the Hindi and Indonesian Philosophy with their revolutionary stages and also highlights the views of Muslims Scholars in the light of Manuscript Al-Tamīz written by ʿAbd Al-ʿAzīz Al-Firhārwī (1206AH-1239AH), great Muslim thinker of the Indo-Pak.