Shitu, Mujahid Hamza, Muhammad Duku, and Fatih Tahir Usman. “Tsangaya System and the Challenges of Islamic Education in the 21st Century: Some Reflections”. The Islamic Culture "As-Saqafat-ul Islamia" الثقافة الإسلامية - Research Journal - Sheikh Zayed Islamic Centre, University of Karachi 46, no. 2 (December 31, 2021). Accessed April 14, 2024. https://theislamicculture.com/index.php/tis/article/view/812.