Teaching Second language: The key Issues, Problems and the New Challenges within the Board of Intermediate & Secondary Education Hyderabad, Pakistan
The Education system within the Board of Intermediate and Secondary Education (BISE) Hyderabad, Pakistan has been criticised for ineffective teaching and poor implementation of standardized testing. The BISE is well aware of the problems and has introduced drastic measures to help address critical issues as a result. For example the BISE introduced four measures: (1) the master training program for teachers; (2) vigilance teams to monitor teaching in the classroom; (3) monthly tests to evaluate students’ progress; and (4) opening more colleges to reduce the number of students per class. The aim of the current paper is to identify the potential factors affecting the teaching and learning of students in the BISE. Adopting a case study approach, this study suggests that there may be four potential causal factors that undermined the quality of teaching/learning in the B.I.S.E (1) over-crowded classrooms (2) course content (3) teachers’ professional development and (4) the examination system. To explore these issues, this study set two research questions:1. What are the causes of declining standards of teaching and learning Second language within the Board of Intermediate and Secondary Education Hyderabad? 2. How can a teacher bring a change into thinking of students and classroom practices to improve the Progress of learners’ in education? Constructivist grounded theory approach was adopted. This qualitative case study was conducted using carefully designed interviews and data was analyzed qualitatively. it was found that structural redefinition of the culture of teaching is inevitably required for teachers to lead educational change process within the BISE.